Regional Primate Research Center
The Vilas Monkey Debacle
The Wisconsin Regional Primate Research
Center (WRPRC) is part of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. WRPRC
is largely funded with public monies. WRPRC is at once a state institution
and a quasi-federal institution. This is beneficial when it needs
a place to hide.
Distrust of the federal government became a reality for the average
citizen after the Watergate break-in and cover-up were exposed.
Today, awareness that politicians are prone to lies and deceits
has become part of the fabric of skepticism wrapped around our view
and opinions of our officials. Beginning in 1989, the WRPRC began
telling a series of lies to the public that challenged any remaining
belief that the pervasive lack of integrity in government had somehow
bypassed the biomedical research community. Every assertion made
by the biomedical vivisection community must be viewed through a
lens of knowledge that members of the community will never act honorably
toward the animals they hold in such demonstrated contempt, nor
honestly toward those who would attempt to speak for the victims
of their pastimes.
When the WRPRC was being constructed in the early 1960's on the
campus of the University of Wisconsin-Madison one researcher thought
it would be a good idea to have a public display of monkeys for
public education. This researcher was Harry Harlow, a psychologist
with an interest in the psychological torture of infant monkeys.
Under the guise of investigating the maternal/offspring bond and
the psychological effects of solitary confinement on infant monkeys,
the University of Wisconsin-Madison sanctioned a career-long series
of experiments devised and conducted by Harlow. Even today, WRPRC
defends the Mengele-like horror visited upon baby monkeys in the
name of Science with a memorial to Harlow in the entrance to the
Harlow Primate Psychology Laboratory.
(Harlow's work has been written about and criticized extensively,
but for the naive reader I will give a brief overview of Harlow's
"accomplishments." I qualify accomplishments because it
is unfair to characterize Harlow’s demonstrations as either
accomplishments or discoveries. Demonstrating what is commonly known
is not discovery.)
Harry Harlow's experiments started out being only typically cruel.
He discovered that an infant rhesus monkey would cling to a soft
mannequin monkey rather than to a wire mannequin monkey even when
the wire mannequin supplies the baby with milk. But Harlow's genius
was that he could push the questions always further. His work would
have been impossible without a supportive university willing to
pay for his investigations.
Harry and his students designed a variety of monkey mannequins.
One was equipped with metal spines that could be ejected and retracted.
When an infant was clinging to its surrogate mother the Scientists
would eject the spines and the infant would be painfully pushed
away from its "mother". They discovered that when the
spines were withdrawn the baby would return and cling again. Another
mannequin was designed with a series of tubes under the cloth covering
that ice water could be circulated through. Again the baby was repelled
by the "mother's" rejection but returned to cling again
when the "mother" returned to normal.
In Harlow's most creative experiments he placed infants in V-shaped
stainless steel boxes he termed the "wells of despair."
When locked in these small vaults the infants were unable to see
any other living creature including the person who replenished their
food and water. And then he left the monkeys in these boxes for
up to two years.
After they were removed from these prisons. Harlow "discovered"
that they had few social skills and seemed unable to interact with
more normal monkeys. Never one who was satisfied that he had created
enough hell, Harlow then impregnated some of these socially and
emotionally crippled monkeys. When their babies were born Harlow
documented all the many ways they killed their own children.
Harlow had great prestige and clout when the WRPRC was being constructed,
and over the objections of the National Institutes of Health, $189,000
was spent building a 5000 square foot monkey house at the Henry
Vilas Park Zoo in Madison.
The University of Wisconsin (UW) entered into a twenty-year lease
with the city of Madison for the land under the monkey house for
$1 a year. The lease was to expire in 2003 but could be renewed
for ten-year intervals. The UW paid for the care of the building
and cared for the monkeys housed at the zoo facility, which came
to be known as the "round house" due to its architectural
Business at the WRPRC continued normally until the late 1980's when
a group of citizens began questioning whether it was proper for
the public to observe animals who were destined to be tormented
by experimental surgeries and other diabolical procedures. Theirs
was not a unique view and since 1986 the Aquarium and Zoological
Association (AZA) has stated that zoos should not become biomedical
lab animal breeding farms - apparently the AZA realized that such
an arrangement would be an affront to public sensibilities.
After trying to discuss the situation with UW officials and being
ignored, laughed at, and derided, the citizens' group began a series
of demonstrations to change university policy. Though publicly ignored
by the UW, the protests were successful in raising public awareness
and embarrassing the zoo; the UW was forced to admit that it had
no understanding of what might be appropriate for public display.
The WRPRC entered into an agreement with the zoo's operator, Dane
County, which stipulated that the zoo monkeys would be safe from
WISCONSIN REGIONAL PRIMATE RESEARCH CENTER
June 15, 1989
Dr. David Hall
Director, Vilas Park Zoo
702 S. Randall Ave.
Madison, WI 53715
Dear Dr. Hall:
I want to inform you of the Primate Center's policy regarding
our monkeys that reside at the Vilas Park Zoo in a building
we refer to as the "WRPRC Vilas Park Zoo Facility".
This building was constructed with funds provided by the federal
government to the Primate Center. Thus, despite its somewhat
ambiguous designation, the facility is owned and operated
by us and, accordingly, the University of Wisconsin.
More than a few of the monkeys housed at this facility have
lived their entire lives there, and animals are removed from
their natal groups only to prevent overcrowding. The groups
have been established for the principal purpose of studying
social organization and social dynamics in stable primate
societies. Accordingly, on those infrequent occasions when
animals are removed from a group, the removal is guided by
procedures aimed at ensuring the least disruption of the group
and at preserving social stability.
The research performed on troops housed at the zoo is purely
observational in nature. As a matter of policy, no invasive
physiological studies are carried out on these animals. In
addition, the Center's policy regarding animals removed from
these established groups ensures that they will not be used
in studies at our facility involving invasive experimental
procedures. Such animals will be assigned to the Center's
non-experimental breeding colony, where they are exempt from
This policy on the uses of monkeys at the WRPRC Vilas Park
Zoo facility has the endorsement of my administrative council
as well as the staff veterinarians and animal care supervisors
responsible for the care and humane use of all Center animals.
As evidence of this, their signatures are also affixed.
Let me take this opportunity to point out that the Center
has long taken a leadership role in the humane treatment of
research animals. Our housing meets or exceeds all applicable
standards. Our 12-person animal care staff has an average
length of nearly 20 years of dedicated service to the Center
and its animals. In addition, our chief veterinarian is one
of just a handful of veterinarians in the state to be certified
as a Diplomat of the American College of Laboratory Animal
Medicine, and our assistant veterinarian has developed a highly
regarded program of pairing caged monkeys to enhance their
Robert W. Goy, Director
William E. Bridson
Robert K. Watson,
Animal Care Unit
Wallace D. House
Stephen G. Eisele
Vials Park Zoo Facility Supervisor
As WRPRC staff changed through the years, the agreement and the
policy it represented was reaffirmed.
|WISCONSIN REGIONAL PRIMATE RESEARCH CENTER
of Wisconsin, 1223 Capitol Court / Madison, Wisconsin
53715-1299 FAX (608) 243-4031
April 18, 1990
Dr. David Hall, Director
Vilas Park Zoo
702 S. Randall Avenue
Madison, WI 53715
Dear Dr. Hall:
I confirm that the existing and future policies of the Wisconsin
Regional Primate Research Center are that any animals bred
at the zoo are used in non-interventive behavioral research
or for breeding purposes only.
We are very pleased to have the zoo facility and will do all
in our power to make it an interesting display for the public
as well as a significant Center for behavioral studies. We
are addressing new ways in which the condition of the animals
can be improved. In particular, with regard to the hair loss
seen during the late winter months.
In addition, we are currently establishing field research
in the conservation biology of stump-tail macaques. We hope
to provide some illustrated posters of our studies concerning
this endangered species in the wild. The posters will show
how studies in captivity strengthen conservation efforts in
the wild. I will of course consult with you in the preparation
of these posters, which I hope would also be of interest to
your Commission and to the public.
My predecessor, Dr. Goy wrote to you last year on June 15
and on July 17. Our policies were spelled out in detail in
those letters and these policies will remain in place. In
particular, Dr. Goy's letter of June 15 addresses this topic.
You are aware that the Center, which is one of seven federally-funded
Primate Research Centers in the USA, carries out basic research
in biomedical and behavioral sciences relevant to both human
and animal health and conservation.
With best wishes.
In 1995, the WRPRC was continuing to maintain this position through
correspondence with the zoo director.
|[From a fax:]
February 1, 1995
Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center
John P. Hearn, Director
Dr. David Hall, Director
Henry Vilas Park Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo/WRPRC Collaboration
It was a pleasure to review our partnership recently. It was
doubly a pleasure to be able to report that the extensive
renovations of our Vilas facility now provides year round
heating and lighting for the animals. This is overcoming the
earlier problems of coat condition that led to misunderstandings
by some visitors. We look forward to continuing improvements
and we will pursue all possible funding sources to put some
trees nearby to soften the rather stark appearance of the
building. We will also proceed to obtain a storage shed for
the storage of the roof panels, and I will review this plan
with you as soon as we have it ready for discussion.
We also reviewed our agreement (since 1989) on the study of
animals at Vilas and when they return to the Center. These
animals are studied in non-invasive research or assigned to
our breeding colony. Investigative procedures include those,
with no damage or consequence to the animal required for veterinary
health or routine procedures used in human medicine. These
procedures cause no physical or sensory deficit and are all
fully in compliance and previously approved through the required
regulatory steps of the university and Federal employees.
In cases where animals are no longer suitable for breeding,
they are either assigned to our aged rhesus colony, again
for non-invasive work, or euthanized humanely. In cases where
animals do not meet criteria for genetic health or inbreeding,
similar procedures apply. In cases where exceptional circumstances
require a different use, for example unique genetic characteristics
requiring more detailed investigation for human and animal
health, we will review the proposal in advance with you.
The work at our Vilas facility is proving important for the
conservation biology research that the Center is carrying
out in Thailand, Brazil, Colombia, and elsewhere. The ability
to test non-invasive genetic or endocrine monitoring systems,
as well as the studies of social organization and the behavior
of large primate groups, is an important role of the Vilas
Lab and applies to the parallel field research. We will .
. . [text undecipherable] . . . to explain and display this
dimension of our research to the public through the information
. . .[text undecipherable] . . . Vilas.
Thank you for your help in these endeavors. I enclose a one
page summary of the Centers activities, for your information.
As you know, I am available to discuss these matters or to
present our work to your Commission or to the Society (of
which I am a member) at any time.
With best wishes,
Almost every contention made in these three letters turned out
to be a blatant lie.
The protection from invasive experiments on the zoo monkeys seems
to have been a policy well understood and affirmed by many WRPRC
staff members. But in the summer of 1997 a whistle blower came forward
with documentation that monkeys had been secretly removed from the
zoo, experimented on in the Center’s labs, and sold for experimentation
to other labs around the country over a nine year period - throughout
the time WRPRC was asserting through correspondence with the zoo
that the monkeys were off limits.
At first, the university officials denied the facts, but eventually,
as details and documents were made public, they were forced to admit
that they had been lying all along.
|Inventory of Monkeys Used by the Primate Center
From the Center's Henry Vilas Zoo Colony
Statement by Graduate School Dean Virginia S. Hinshaw
An inventory conducted August 11-12, 1997 by officials from
the Wisconsin Regional Primate Center indicates that Primate
Center monkeys housed in the UW facility at Henry Vilas Park
Zoo were used in invasive research projects. This represents
a serious breach of the 1989 local agreement between directors
of the center and the zoo.
According to the June 19, 1989 agreement, no invasive studies
were to be performed on animals housed at the zoo. While federal
regulations for research were strictly followed by the center,
the assignment of monkeys from the Vilas facility to some research
projects did not adhere to that agreement.
I want to reiterate my instructions to the center's leadership
on Monday, Aug. 11, that no monkeys housed in the Vilas facility
will be assigned to invasive research projects. No such assignments
have been made in 1997, and none will be made in the future.
The records of animals assigned from the zoo to the center since
•A total of 65 monkeys were used
in invasive research studies, and 39 of those monkeys died or
were euthanized as a result of the research. The remaining 26
monkeys are still part of research projects at the center.
•An additional 26 monkeys were euthanized and used
in a tissue distribution program at the center from 1990 to
1996. The goal of the program was to provide researchers with
normal tissues important for many internal and external biomedical
research projects. That program was discontinued in June 1996.
The decisions made regarding these animals were improper, given
the guidelines in the 1989 policy statement. The administration
of Vilas Park Zoo should have been consulted about these decisions.
I regret that this activity has cast doubt on a facility that
is important to the community. I should emphasize that none
of the monkeys currently housed at the Vilas facility have been
used in invasive research experiments. I also want to make it
clear that, in the past, monkeys from the Vilas facility have
been sold as a colony management practice, primarily to prevent
From 1989 to 1995, 110 monkeys were sold to other facilities,
such as research universities, companies and an NIH research
center. However, no animals have been sold since 1995.
I would also like to address concerns about the future of the
center's monkey colony housed at the zoo. The center's lease
at the zoo is expected to expire in 2003, and we are currently
working to find a long-term home that is best for the welfare
of the animals and are committed to supporting the animals financially.
But there is no quick resolution to this issue and finding an
appropriate arrangement for the colony may take several years.
It is clear that the animal assignment process at the center
regarding these specific monkeys failed. This process will be
corrected. We are currently conducting a search for a new director
of the center, and we look forward to working with that individual
to strengthen our excellent research programs and promote public
confidence in the center.
It is worth noting that the acting director of WRPRC during this
period of public discovery was Joseph Kemnitz. A newspaper reporter
had contacted Kemnitz about the secret experimentation on the protected
monkeys. Kemnitz first denied that any such experiments had taken
place, then changed his story to say that it had happened only once,
then twice, and finally refused to talk about the situation once
his assertions were repeatedly exposed as incorrect. Also of interest
is the fact that Henshaw claims that the new director they were
seeking would be able to clean up the problem and promote public
confidence. The person they chose was Joe Kemnitz.
Perhaps Hinshaw believed she had finally put the matter to rest.
She admitted that many monkeys were used in ways contrary to the
UW's agreement with the county zoo, and she promised it would never
happen again and would put procedures in place to make sure her
decisions were followed. She seemed to be trying to be very professional
about the whole affair.
But lies had been used to cover-up deceit. On August 19, The Capital
Times newspaper reported:
|A UW-Madison scientist who worked with monkeys at the Henry
Vilas Zoo informed Hinshaw 15 months ago that the university
was violating an agreement with the zoo that scientists at the
university's Primate Research Center would not use zoo monkeys
in harmful research.
An interesting relationship exists between the regional primate
research centers and the National Institutes of Health. Since the
centers are nominally part of a university, the NIH can defer decision
making to them when it suits their purpose; but since NIH built
the centers and continues to provide an overwhelming percentage
of each center's funding, it can call the shots when it wishes.
Since the NIH pays for research projects using thousands of monkeys
a year and the cost of housing tens-of-thousands of monkeys a year,
one might suppose that the fate of one hundred fifty zoo monkeys
would be of little consequence to them. But such was not the case.
Whether NIH officials acted independently or in collusion with the
WRPRC is unknown, but what is abundantly clear is that NIH correspondence
with WRPRC put the monkeys on the fast track to hell.
|NIH FUNDING ENDS FOR PRIMATE CENTER'S VILAS ZOO COLONY
Nov. 19, 1997 UW-Madison Press Release
Brian Mattmiller [from WRPRC web page]
MADISON - The National Institutes of Health will end a long
tradition of funding the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research
Center's monkey colony at Henry Vilas Park Zoo, effective
Feb. 1. The decision will restrict the Primate Center from
using funding from its $4.5 million base grant to maintain
the Vilas Zoo colony. The facility costs approximately $100,000
a year to maintain, which includes personnel, food and supplies,
and utility expenses. The funding is no longer justified,
according to an Oct. 30 letter from NIH, because of an insufficient
level of funded research being done at the facility. The letter
notes that there has been little outside grant support in
recent years for behavioral research on the monkeys. In addition,
monkeys from Vilas are prohibited by a local agreement from
being used in biomedical studies on campus, which constitutes
the majority of the Primate Center's work. "This decision
puts us in a very difficult position," said Virginia
Hinshaw, dean of the UW-Madison Graduate School. "The
change in funding means that we have to work rapidly to find
options for the colony. "The NIH's primary role is to
fund research to solve human health problems, so it is understandable
the agency would feel the colony is no longer its responsibility,"
Hinshaw added. "Its support does not extend to funding
zoo exhibits." In August, Hinshaw informed NIH officials
about a breach of an agreement between directors of the Primate
Center and the Vilas Zoo. The agreement, written in 1989,
stated that no monkeys from the Vilas colony would be used
in invasive research studies at the Primate Center. In response
to news about the agreement and the fact that support for
behavioral research had declined, NIH decided to reevaluate
its support of the colony. The colony currently houses about
100 rhesus macaques and 50 stump-tailed monkeys. Options include
transferring ownership of the facility and animals to the
zoo, if a private funding source can be found to support the
colony. Such funding is not available in the zoo's current
budget provided by Dane County. Hinshaw said that private
foundations and individual donors will be approached about
offering financial help.
On Nov. 11 [My emphasis. Compare this with the date
of the Kemnitz/Gerone correspondence below], Primate Center
Interim Director Joe Kemnitz met with David Hall, director
of the zoo, to inform him of the funding change and discuss
ways to maintain the colony at Vilas. Another option is to
relocate the animals to another facility. The animals could,
for example, serve as a breeding colony for another research
center, or be sheltered at a privately run sanctuary, Hinshaw
said. Also being considered is a combination of the two options
- for example, reducing the size of the colony, but still
transferring responsibility to the zoo. This option could
significantly reduce the overall costs of running the facility,
Kemnitz said. Under any option, Hinshaw said, the university
intends to follow the 1989 agreement that prohibits their
use in invasive research…
A couple important points emerge from this press release. Hinshaw
had informed NIH about the breach in August, and it took NIH six
months to reply. Hinshaw apparently knew that the NIH would not
fund the Vilas Zoo colony, yet waited six months to say so. In spite
of her earlier statement of November 19:
"I would also like to address concerns about the future of
the center's monkey colony housed at the zoo. The center's lease
at the zoo is expected to expire in 2003, and we are currently working
to find a long-term home that is best for the welfare of the animals
and are committed to supporting the animals financially. But there
is no quick resolution to this issue and finding an appropriate
arrangement for the colony may take several years."
She was now saying, "The change in funding means that we have
to work rapidly to find options for the colony." Apparently,
Hinshaw's earlier assertion that: "…we are currently
working to find a long-term home that is best for the welfare of
the animals and are committed to supporting the animals financially,"
simply disappeared into the same black hole of expediency that had
swallowed the WRPRC's earlier pledge to protect the monkeys.
And finally, the date of this press release was November 19, just
a week before Thanksgiving and the vacation season that effectively
shuts down schools and government until after New Year's.
|UW GIVES ZOO MONKEYS FEB. 1 EVICTION NOTICE
BYLINE: By Jason Shepard Correspondent for The Capital Times,
The University of Wisconsin plans to shut down the monkey house
at the Henry Vilas Zoo within 30 days, closing a landmark that
has been a central attraction of the Madison zoo for 33 years.
Employees who care for the 150 rhesus and stump-tailed macaques
have been told their last day at the facility will be Feb. 1,
the day federal funding for the facility is eliminated...
I heard this news on TV and posted the following message to a couple
of animal advocacy internet bulletin boards:
|Just announced on local Madison TV:
The fate of the rhesus macaque colony belonging to the Wisconsin
Regional Primate Center housed at the Henry Vilas Zoo has been
announced by the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
The rhesus colony will be "taken in" by the Louisiana
Regional Primate Research Center, sometimes referred to as the
Delta Primate Center.
Peter Gerone, Delta's director, is known for his willingness
to enter into animal rights controversies; Gerone took the Silver
Spring monkeys when no other facility was willing to accept
The Delta Center, in Covington Louisiana, specializes in the
study of tropical infectious and parasitic disease. They are
currently at work on a project to increase their "infant
harvest" by 150 babies a year. Infants at the center are
"harvested" from their mothers before they are three
days of age and moved into peer-age nursery cohorts.
This zoo colony was being secretly used as breeding stock for
the Wisconsin Primate Center, and along with the stump-tailed
macaque colony, is at the center of a continuing scandal illustrating
the lack of honest public disclosure by the center's staff.
The hidden sale of the monkeys to other facilities generated
The University says there is no money to provision the monkeys
at the zoo as they discuss plans to begin construction on a
new $8 million lab.
Zoo officials state that it will be sad to see them go but have
made no effort to keep them at the zoo.
The UW, which had been talking about the time needed to find a
safe home for the monkeys, had decided to send them to Gerone. In
documents procured through Wisconsin's open records laws it seems
clear that a sanctuary for the rhesus monkeys was never considered
by the WRPRC.
|E-mail from "Joseph W. Kemnitz" (email@example.com)
"firstname.lastname@example.org" (Peter Gerone,
director of Tulane Primate Center), dated 10 November 1998,
Pete, would you accept a gift of a group of ~50 rhesus monkeys
from us? Or two groups totaling ~100?
I am trying to resolve a controversy (and now a funding issue)
regarding our monkeys kept at the local zoo. If I could find
a new home for the rhesus, it would make life much easier.
Both groups consist of males and females of mixed ages. They
are reasonable breeding troops. It would be best if they were
used for breeding, rather than invasive research for PR issues.
We would like to ship them before February.
If you have any interest, let me know.
Notice the date of this message: November 10, 1998. But the move
to Tulane was not announced until January 9.
|Email reply on 11 November 1997, from "Peter J. Gerone"
Joe - sorry for the delay in responding. I got your message
the first thing this morning but I wanted to talk to Jim Blanshard
The answer is YES! We have our quarantine pretty full through
January but we hope to move them out in time to accept your
monkeys. We would be interested in the whole group and, obviously,
would pay the expense of getting them there. We appreciate
Sometimes one is struck by the seemingly lithic insensitivity of
public officials charged with making decisions affecting the weakest
members of society. The UW announced on January 9, that in less
than thirty days the one hundred rhesus monkeys they had promised
to protect were going to be sent to Tulane. (This number turned
out to be one hundred forty-three but throughout hearings with Dane
County the WRPRC never tried to correct the number of monkeys involved.
It turned out that nearly fifty monkeys from the zoo were in the
The decision had been made on or before November 10 or 11, two months
before the WRPRC's disclosure. To the primate center staff, monkeys
are junk; the monkeys' inner experiences of life are beneath the
dignity and not worth the time of the researchers and administrators
to consider for the briefest of instants.
Beside the decade of lies to the community, it later came to light
that the WRPRC was violating their federal NIH grant. On page 1291
of their NCRR (National Center for Research Resources - the arm
of NIH suckling the animal based labs) base grant it states:
" . . . by agreement with the zoo's director, there are limitations
on the types of research performed on monkeys born at the facility
even after they are transferred elsewhere." (emphasis
In hours of public testimony to Dane County officials the WRPRC
staff asserted that the monkeys it intended to send to Tulane would
be protected by the original, yet repeatedly violated, agreement.
Tulane's director, Peter Gerone, went on record stating that the
monkeys would be used as any other lab monkeys.
In the end, the University of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin Regional
Primate Research Center continued to lie and contort the truth.
In their 1997 annual report to NIH they wrote:
The zoo monkey situation . . . generated negative media and animal
rights activism attention for the Primate Center. However, the negative
press was concentrated in one local paper with a low circulation
(20,000), and ongoing, consistent public opposition directed toward
the Primate Center came from a very small number of individuals.
But this covers up the fact that school children raised money to
protect the monkeys, every TV station covered the story, three county
sub-committees voted unanimously to help the monkeys, the county
government overwhelmingly passed a resolution intended to help the
monkeys, the governor's wife recorded a public service announcement
to help the monkeys, and no one who attended public meetings spoke
against the monkeys other than Primate Center staff.
Nearly one hundred fifty rhesus monkeys born at the zoo were sent
to the Louisiana Regional Primate Research Center on March 4, 1997
where they endured ninety days of solitary confinement which Tulane
termed quarantine. Their family groups were destroyed. Some have
been placed into breeding situations, some have died (at least one
during its solitary confinement), and others have been placed into
research. This, in spite of three written agreements, promises by
the graduate school dean, and limitations written into their federal
No one was ever held accountable for the two hundred one monkeys
who were secretly stolen over the nine-year period.
The university had the monkey house bulldozed to the ground.
This has been a very brief accounting of the situation. WRPRC told
so many lies to so many members of the public that a full accounting
would fill a book. It is my belief that WRPRC is not unusual in
its willingness to lie baldly. Such behavior appears to be the accepted
and expected norm. For such lies, the NIH rewarded them handsomely.
It is worth noting that, for some reason, perhaps just hope, that
people who shake their heads or shrug their shoulders or even spit
in disgust upon learning about the lies, the deceits, the choreographed
manipulation of the public’s trust by the NIH and the primate
vivisectors, seem willing to suspend their disbelief when told by
the same liars that the tax monies they are consuming, the animals
they are hurting, the experiments they are performing will somehow
lead to their disease-free immortality.
Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me.
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