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These are life stories of primates held in U.S. primate laboratories. They are based on documents obtained from the labs.
Clint Chimpanzee
Dover Chimpanzee
Sellers Chimpanzee
Tottie Chimpanzee
3566 Rhesus Macaque
PWc2 Rhesus Macaque
Unknown Rhesus Macaque
YN70-119 Chimpanzee
YN73-125 Gorilla
YN74-17 Chimpanzee
YN74-68 Chimpanzee
YN78-109 Chimpanzee
YN79-33 Chimpanzee
YN81-124 Chimpanzee
YN86-37 Squirrel Monkey
13447 Rhesus Macaque
13481 Rhesus Macaque
14326 Rhesus Macaque
20213 Rhesus Macaque
20229 Rhesus Macaque D
20233 Rhesus Macaque
20247 Rhesus Macaque
20253 Rhesus Macaque
20346 Rhesus Macaque
18714 Crab-eating Macaque
20629 Rhesus Macaque
22114 Crab-eating Macaque
23915 Crab-eating Macaque
23954 Squirrel Monkey
23993 Squirrel Monkey
23997 Squirrel Monkey
24005 Squirrel Monkey
24013 Squirrel Monkey
24557 Crab-eating Macaque
24605 Crab-eating Macaque
24974 Rhesus Macaque
24994 Rhesus Macaque
25142 Crab-eating Macaque
25157 Crab-eating Macaque
25205 Crab-eating Macaque
25250 Crab-eating Macaque
25274 Rhesus Macaque
25281 Rhesus Macaque
25412 Crab-eating Macaque
25809 Squirrel Monkey
27276 Crab-eating Macaque
27306 Rhesus Macaque
28092 Crab-eating Macaque
28098 Crab-eating Macaque
28100 Crab-eating Macaque
28104 Crab-eating Macaque
28109 Crab-eating Macaque
28114 Crab-eating Macaque
28545 Squirrel Monkey
28562 Squirrel Monkey
28796 Crab-eating Macaque
30749 Crab-eating Macaque
30755 Crab-eating Macaque
30813 Rhesus Macaque
30914 Rhesus Macaque
30916 Rhesus Macaque
30983 Rhesus Macaque
31031 Rhesus Macaque
34273 Crab-eating Macaque
34274 Crab-eating Macaque
34275 Crab-eating Macaque
34276 Crab-eating Macaque
34278 Crab-eating Macaque
34279 Crab-eating Macaque
34280 Crab-eating Macaque
34281 Crab-eating Macaque
cj0233 Common Marmoset
cj0453 Common Marmoset D
cj0495 Common Marmoset
cj0506 Common Marmoset
cj1654 Common Marmoset
Piotr Rhesus Macaque
rhaf72 Rhesus Macaque
rhao45 Rhesus Macaque
Rh1890 Rhesus Macaque
R80180 Rhesus Macaque
R87083 Rhesus Macaque
R89124 Rhesus Macaque
R89163 Rhesus Macaque
R90128 Rhesus Macaque
R91040 Rhesus Macaque
R93014 Rhesus Macaque
S93052 Rhesus Macaque
R95054 Rhesus Macaque D
R95065 Rhesus Macaque D
R95076 Rhesus Macaque D
R95100 Rhesus Macaque
R96108 Rhesus Macaque
R97041 Rhesus Macaque
R97082 Rhesus Macaque
R97111 Rhesus Macaque
Response from Jordana Lenon, public relations manager for WNPRC. Citizens' requests Lenon refused to answer.
A03068 Rhesus Macaque
A98056 Pig-tailed Macaque
A92025 Baboon
F91396 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J90153 Pig-tailed Macaque
J90266 Pig-tailed Macaque
J90299 Crab-eating Macaque
J91076 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J91386 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J91398 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J92068 Pig-tailed Macaque
J92349 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J92476 Pig-tailed Macaque
B15A Vervet
788E Rhesus Macaque
9382 Vervet
1984-016 Vervet
1991-016 Vervet
1992-015 Vervet
1994-014 Vervet
1994-046 Vervet
1994-087 Vervet
1995-046 Vervet
1995-101 Vervet
1996-022 Vervet
MCY24525 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24540 Crab-eating Macaque
OIPM-007 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24525 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24540 Crab-eating Macaque
UNC-Chapel Hill
3710 Squirrel Monkey
Ashley Chimpanzee
Karla Chimpanzee
Tyson Chimpanzee
Snoy Chimpanzee
Maurice p1 Maurice p2 Chimpanzee
Hercules Chimpanzee
Jerome Chimpanzee
Ritchie Chimpanzee
Rex Chimpanzee
Topsey Chimpanzee
B.G. Chimpanzee
Dawn Chimpanzee
BamBam Chimpanzee
Dixie Chimpanzee
Ginger Chimpanzee
Kelly Chimpanzee
Lennie Chimpanzee
Kist Chimpanzee
Peg Chimpanzee
Aaron Chimpanzee
Chuck Chimpanzee
James Chimpanzee
Alex Chimpanzee
Muna Chimpanzee
Wally Chimpanzee
#1028 Chimpanzee
Lippy Chimpanzee
#1303 Chimpanzee
#CA0127 Chimpanzee
Shane Chimpanzee
196 Baboon
The Fauna Foundation Chimpanzees
Center for Biologics Evaluation
Univ. of Alabama - Birmingham

Univ. of Minnesota

00FP8 Long-tailed Macaque
312E Rhesus Macaque
9711B Rhesus Macaque
99IP61 Long-tailed Macaque
CDC-Column E 2002


The Fate of cj0223

from the files of the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC)

cj0223 was a male Common Marmoset, Callithrax jacchus, a species native to northeast Brazil. He was born on Oct. 16, 1991 and acquired by WRPRC from the now defunct Laboratory of Experimental Medicine and Surgery in Primates (LEMSIP) on Nov. 4, 1992. He was killed at WRPRC on Sept. 21, 2001 having spent all of his nearly ten years of life imprisoned at research labs.

At autopsy cj0223 had chronic kidney inflammation as well as inflamed bowels from lymphocytic enteritis and intestinal amyloidosis lesions associated with chronic wasting illness. It seems that this latter condition is epidemic in the marmosets confined at WRPRC. In the wild, marmosets include tree sap as an important component of their diet (sap is probably vital for Common Marmosets), a dietary requirement which research labs have difficulty providing. This deficiency may account for the chronic digestive illness rife among the marmosets held captive in our nation's labs.

While at WRPRC, cj0223 suffered through a variety of research experiments. Four months after his arrival there, the little fellow was part of a study titled "Formation of Social Groups in Marmosets." In the wild, marmosets have a chance to escape from aggressive group members; caged monkeys do not. Shortly after he entered the project, cj0223 sustained bite wounds on his forehead, foot, ankle, fingers, forearm and elbow.

Subsequently, he was a test subject in research investigating "Hypothalamic Mechanisms Mediating Social Suppression of Reproduction." For this a vivisector surgically implanted a catheter in his internal jugular vein which required repeated flushing and two re-suturings after the incision opened. He endured the catheter for nine days. Two months later he was put in the social group study again for seven months.

In mid-1996, he was used in a project titled, "Clinical Blood or Surgery" during which he endured several large blood draws. It was during this time that the eye problems that would plague him for the rest of his life were first observed. The condition was treated repeatedly with antibiotics and steroids but ultimately led to cataract surgery on both eyes and possible blindness before he was killed.

Despite his eye condition, for the next five years vivisectors continued to use him in additional studies like "In Vitro Bioassay for Luteinizing Hormone", "Absence of Estrogen-Depletion Bone Loss in Marmosets", and, "Bone Mass and Aging in Marmosets." Also, he continued to be used in the social group study where he received yet another bite wound, this time to his face and for numerous blood draws including one that was so massive that he had to be treated with iron and fluid replacement therapy.

Between 1997 and 2000, he was placed in WRPRC's marmoset breeding colony and sired 10 offspring - a joy had they been born in the wild, but under the circumstances only continuing the legacy of confinement and pain for another generation of marmosets.

During his nearly nine years of confinement at WRPRC, cj0223 was subjected at least 39 blood draws and was given general anesthesia (ketamine or saffan) 11 times either as part of research projects (once for the removal of cerebrospinal fluid) or to treat illness. Also, WRPRC's records indicate that cj0223 was moved to a different cage at least 40 times inhibiting any chance of enjoying some comfort from familiar surroundings.

The final notation in cj0223's historical record on the date of his death reads "… reluctant to prolong treatment of aged animal with multiple physical abnormalities"

Many medical historians and researchers continue to question the scientific validity of biomedical research using animals. All disease is a disruption of cellular and biochemical processes which vary enough from species to species, even those that are similar externally, so as to make extrapolation to the human condition dangerously misleading. Furthermore, much of the research conducted is repetitive and/or unnecessary except to provide income and notoriety for vivisectors. Is knowledge about "Hypothalamic Mechanisms Mediating Social Suppression of Reproduction" so important that researchers feel justified in imprisoning and harming primates to gain it?

In addition, animal species routinely used in research have the capacity to feel pain, to enjoy pleasure, to think and act purposefully, and to prepare for future events. In short, they have degrees of self-awareness and lives that are important to them beyond any utilitarian purposes they may have for us. To incarcerate them and subject them to painful research, even if such research may afford some benefit to humans, is unethical and immoral. If we are willing to subject innocent creatures to pain and agony in and attempt to improve our health, are we worth the effort?

Rest in peace cj0223.

This accounting of cj0223's life was written by Bob Tintle. Mr. Tintle wrote to WRPRC for cj0223's records and brought his story to light. The Primate Freedom Project is thankful that Mr. Tintle and other concerned citizens are gathering information about the primates imprisoned in the nation's labs and calling attention to their misery. Such stories underline the fact that suffering-filled lives are the norm within these institutions.

Speak out. Your silence signals your acceptance.


Primate Freedom Project
P.O. Box 1623
Fayetteville, GA. 30214
Tel: 678.489.7798


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