Primate Freedom Project - Education, Advocacy, Support Primate Freedom Project - Education, Advocacy, Support
These are life stories of primates held in U.S. primate laboratories. They are based on documents obtained from the labs.
Clint Chimpanzee
Dover Chimpanzee
Sellers Chimpanzee
Tottie Chimpanzee
3566 Rhesus Macaque
PWc2 Rhesus Macaque
Unknown Rhesus Macaque
YN70-119 Chimpanzee
YN73-125 Gorilla
YN74-17 Chimpanzee
YN74-68 Chimpanzee
YN78-109 Chimpanzee
YN79-33 Chimpanzee
YN81-124 Chimpanzee
YN86-37 Squirrel Monkey
13447 Rhesus Macaque
13481 Rhesus Macaque
14326 Rhesus Macaque
20213 Rhesus Macaque
20229 Rhesus Macaque D
20233 Rhesus Macaque
20247 Rhesus Macaque
20253 Rhesus Macaque
20346 Rhesus Macaque
18714 Crab-eating Macaque
20629 Rhesus Macaque
22114 Crab-eating Macaque
23915 Crab-eating Macaque
23954 Squirrel Monkey
23993 Squirrel Monkey
23997 Squirrel Monkey
24005 Squirrel Monkey
24013 Squirrel Monkey
24557 Crab-eating Macaque
24605 Crab-eating Macaque
24974 Rhesus Macaque
24994 Rhesus Macaque
25142 Crab-eating Macaque
25157 Crab-eating Macaque
25205 Crab-eating Macaque
25250 Crab-eating Macaque
25274 Rhesus Macaque
25281 Rhesus Macaque
25412 Crab-eating Macaque
25809 Squirrel Monkey
27276 Crab-eating Macaque
27306 Rhesus Macaque
28092 Crab-eating Macaque
28098 Crab-eating Macaque
28100 Crab-eating Macaque
28104 Crab-eating Macaque
28109 Crab-eating Macaque
28114 Crab-eating Macaque
28545 Squirrel Monkey
28562 Squirrel Monkey
28796 Crab-eating Macaque
30749 Crab-eating Macaque
30755 Crab-eating Macaque
30813 Rhesus Macaque
30914 Rhesus Macaque
30916 Rhesus Macaque
30983 Rhesus Macaque
31031 Rhesus Macaque
34273 Crab-eating Macaque
34274 Crab-eating Macaque
34275 Crab-eating Macaque
34276 Crab-eating Macaque
34278 Crab-eating Macaque
34279 Crab-eating Macaque
34280 Crab-eating Macaque
34281 Crab-eating Macaque
cj0233 Common Marmoset
cj0453 Common Marmoset D
cj0495 Common Marmoset
cj0506 Common Marmoset
cj1654 Common Marmoset
Piotr Rhesus Macaque
rhaf72 Rhesus Macaque
rhao45 Rhesus Macaque
Rh1890 Rhesus Macaque
R80180 Rhesus Macaque
R87083 Rhesus Macaque
R89124 Rhesus Macaque
R89163 Rhesus Macaque
R90128 Rhesus Macaque
R91040 Rhesus Macaque
R93014 Rhesus Macaque
S93052 Rhesus Macaque
R95054 Rhesus Macaque D
R95065 Rhesus Macaque D
R95076 Rhesus Macaque D
R95100 Rhesus Macaque
R96108 Rhesus Macaque
R97041 Rhesus Macaque
R97082 Rhesus Macaque
R97111 Rhesus Macaque
Response from Jordana Lenon, public relations manager for WNPRC. Citizens' requests Lenon refused to answer.
A03068 Rhesus Macaque
A98056 Pig-tailed Macaque
A92025 Baboon
F91396 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J90153 Pig-tailed Macaque
J90266 Pig-tailed Macaque
J90299 Crab-eating Macaque
J91076 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J91386 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J91398 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J92068 Pig-tailed Macaque
J92349 Pig-tailed Macaque D
J92476 Pig-tailed Macaque
B15A Vervet
788E Rhesus Macaque
9382 Vervet
1984-016 Vervet
1991-016 Vervet
1992-015 Vervet
1994-014 Vervet
1994-046 Vervet
1994-087 Vervet
1995-046 Vervet
1995-101 Vervet
1996-022 Vervet
MCY24525 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24540 Crab-eating Macaque
OIPM-007 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24525 Crab-eating Macaque
MCY24540 Crab-eating Macaque
UNC-Chapel Hill
3710 Squirrel Monkey
Ashley Chimpanzee
Karla Chimpanzee
Tyson Chimpanzee
Snoy Chimpanzee
Maurice p1 Maurice p2 Chimpanzee
Hercules Chimpanzee
Jerome Chimpanzee
Ritchie Chimpanzee
Rex Chimpanzee
Topsey Chimpanzee
B.G. Chimpanzee
Dawn Chimpanzee
BamBam Chimpanzee
Dixie Chimpanzee
Ginger Chimpanzee
Kelly Chimpanzee
Lennie Chimpanzee
Kist Chimpanzee
Peg Chimpanzee
Aaron Chimpanzee
Chuck Chimpanzee
James Chimpanzee
Alex Chimpanzee
Muna Chimpanzee
Wally Chimpanzee
#1028 Chimpanzee
Lippy Chimpanzee
#1303 Chimpanzee
#CA0127 Chimpanzee
Shane Chimpanzee
196 Baboon
The Fauna Foundation Chimpanzees
Center for Biologics Evaluation
Univ. of Alabama - Birmingham

Univ. of Minnesota

00FP8 Long-tailed Macaque
312E Rhesus Macaque
9711B Rhesus Macaque
99IP61 Long-tailed Macaque
CDC-Column E 2002


The Life of Prisoner r80180

from the files of the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC)

r80180 is a Rhesus Macaque, Macaca mulatta, a species found in the wild from Afghanistan east to China and Vietnam. She was born on Dec. 31, 1980 at WRPRC and was still alive as of March 8, 2002, the last entry date in her historical records provided by WRPRC. Thus, she has been imprisoned for all of her 21+ years of life! Apparently, r80180 was conceived a female but was made a hermaphrodite by being injected with androgenizing hormones prenatally. When referring to r80180, I will use female pronouns.

During r80180's first 9+ years at WRPRC, she was used primarily as a source of blood although for what purpose is unclear. Also, she was weighed almost monthly probably as an indicator of general well being. In June 1988, she tested positive for B virus but negative for SRV-1, SRV-2, SIV, CMV, EBV, and measles viruses. Subsequently, she tested negative for B virus in Oct. 1989.

From 1989 through Nov. 1992, vivisectors continued to draw blood regularly, apparently to test for tuberculosis. The anesthetic, ketamine, was also given intramuscularly each time TB testing was done.

In late 1992, r80180 was part of a study titled "Ovarian Dysfunction in Female Rhesus Monkeys."

Blood was drawn frequently and general anesthesia (usually ketamine) was injected approximately 21 times over the next five and a half years in preparation either for ultrasound examinations (probably of her internal reproductive organs), TB testing, an MRI, or DXA scan. Also during this time frame, she received a laparotomy - a surgical incision in the abdominal wall - and was examined, probably her ovaries, with an optical device called a laparoscope.

Probing of r80180's reproductive organs continued from July 1997 through mid-1999 when she was made part of yet another research project titled "Endometriosis MRI Scanning." More ketamine, blood draws and another laparotomy followed as a result. Also, two more TB tests, including one of her right eye, were made. Whether or not r80180 had endometriosis - inflammation of the uterine lining - is unclear from WRPRC's records. However, a physical exam revealed the presence of a firm mass in her posterior abdomen."

In August 1999, she was made a test subject in a project named "DNA Profiling of Primates Used in Biomedical Research." At this time a physical exam revealed a mid-abdominal mass in addition to the caudal abdominal mass found earlier. The exam also showed that she had kyphosis - an abnormal outward curvature of the spine creating a humpback appearance.

There is no rest for a primate at WRPRC. From October 1999 through the end of January 2000, r80180 was put in a study called "Oocyte Competency in Prenatally Androgenized Monkeys." Records reveal that in November, she suffered from diarrhea for about 11 days. A rectal culture and stool sample were collected and showed none of the common pathogenic bacteria but the presence of three parasitic species -trichomonas, amoeba, and entamobea coli. Apparently the diarrhea was treated successfully with antibiotics. During the oocyte study she was given approximately 23 doses of human FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) recombinant and one dose of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) recombinant probably to stimulate her ovaries to develop eggs and to stimulate the lining of the uterus. Numerous blood draws and a diagnostic ultrasound of her abdomen and lower body wall were also made. In January 2000, she was given her third laparotomy, this time apparently to remove eggs from her ovaries.

Vivisectors at WRPRC never seem to draw enough blood from their primate victims, so once again r80180 was a donor as part of a project called "Clinical Blood or Surgery" from February 2000 through August 2000. During this time she tested negative for four different viruses, but the kyphosis remained and she demonstrated reduced range of motion in her hips and stifles as well.

She also suffered from another bout of diarrhea for at least two days and there appeared to be no change in the sizes of her mid-abdominal and posterior abdominal masses detected in 1999.

Starting in July 2001, r80180 was used in two projects, one called "Andronized Female Rhesus as Model for PCOS" (sic) and the other, "Ovarian Dysfunction in Female Rhesus Monkeys," the same project for which she had been used in 1992. For the latter project, she was again injected with more HCG recombinant. A physical exam during this time detected a possible endometriosis type adhesion. For some reason her hand and foot were x-rayed and she had CAT and DEXA scans, all while under general anesthesia. In December 2001, records show that she was accidentally dosed with a drug called azithromycin (zithromax), but the effects, if any, were not logged.

[Note: PCOS, or Polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a fairly common condition occurring in approximately 5%-10% of the adult female poulation. It is associated with infrequent and irregular menstruation commencing at puberty. The National Library of Medicine has over 4000 scientific papers related to PCOS cataloged on line; fewer than 10 are based on data from monkeys, suggesting that the value of such work has been generally acknowedlged to be insignificant. PFP.]

Aside from the usual regimen of blood draws, the last notation in r80180's record notes that she continued to display lumbar kyphosis and decreased range of motion in hips and stifles, but now also had mild enlargement of her liver. Could all those doses of ketamine be the reason?

During her 21+ years of experimentation at the hands of the vivisectors at WRPRC, records show that r80180 had blood drawn approximately 191 times and was anesthetized with ketamine or some other general anesthetic approximately 45 times through 3/8/2002. One does not have to have a medical degree to predict the health effects of so much anesthetic.

Biomedical researchers try to convince us that knowledge gained from animal studies can be extrapolated to humans yet their scientific papers reporting the results of research repeatedly include a disclaimer warning about making such an assumption. Yet, vivisectors at WRPRC want us to believe that the pathology of organ dysfunction in non-human primates is the same as those in humans. Actually, the best they can say is that research on primates is applicable to primates. For much of r80180's life she has been used for research investigating primate reproductive function. Would you go to a veterinarian if you had problems with your reproductive organs? Certainly not!

Animal "models" of human disease are erroneous because of the cellular and biochemical differences among different species. The best way to study diseases of humans is to conduct noninvasive and painless research on humans. This can be accomplished by a variety of methods. For example, increasing the number of human autopsies, which due to higher costs are undertaken less frequently than in the past. Virtually every disease has either been discovered or clarified by autopsies. Technological advances in the biological and physical sciences like CAT, MRI, and PET scans have yet to have their full potentials tapped. Conducting epidemiological studies of human populations using high-speed computers has identified all known environmental poisons and occupational hazards. Clinical research - observing and analyzing patients' conditions - has always been a vital component of medical investigations. Examples of diseases treated successfully as a result of clinical studies are innumerable. Post-marketing drug surveillance is yet another non-animal method. This is a system of reporting all of the effects and side effects of a medication after it has been released to the public. Health practitioners could detect and prevent the dangers associated with negative drug reactions. Many other effective non-animal methods are available in addition to these.

In addition, animal species routinely used in research have the capacity to feel pain, to enjoy pleasure, to think and act purposefully, and to prepare for future events. In short, they have degrees of self-awareness and lives that are important to them beyond any utilitarian purposes they may have for humans. To incarcerate them and subject them to painful research, even if such research may afford some benefit to humans, is unethical and immoral. If we are willing to subject animals to pain and agony in and attempt to improve our health, then what we lose in return, our compassion and empathy, is far greater.

How many more primate victims like r80180 must be sacrificed before we say 'enough'? Actually, we are already past that point!

This accounting of r80180's life was written by Bob Tintle. Mr. Tintle wrote to WRPRC for r80180's records and brought his story to light. The Primate Freedom Project is thankful that Mr. Tintle and other concerned citizens are gathering information about the primates imprisoned in the nation's labs and calling attention to their misery. Such stories underline the fact that suffering-filled lives are the norm within these institutions.

Speak out. Your silence signals your acceptance.


Primate Freedom Project
P.O. Box 1623
Fayetteville, GA. 30214
Tel: 678.489.7798


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